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Trade Name Index

As mentioned in our previous post about trade names, trade names are designed to make a material more marketable and do not often truly represent what the mineral actually is. It can be hard to keep up with the sheer number of trade names these days, but we are here to help! We have researched every trade name we could find currently that is either confusing, known to be fraudulent, or just inaccurately describe the mineral it claims to be.


Here is a list of some of the resources we used in the compilation of this index (please check them out!):

DISCLAIMER

Some of these trade names were also supplied by fellow members of the minerals industry, and may not be present in the sources listed. Some of these trade names also come from my own experience in this industry both as a geologist and as a seller. There is always going to be more trade names created, and more we haven't come across yet, so this list will be updated on a monthly basis. If you have a trade name please submit it to us at waikatocrystals@gmail.com and we will research it and add it to this index!


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A

  • Achroite: Colourless Tourmaline

  • Adelaide Ruby: An Almandine Garnet found in Australia

  • Adularia: Alternative name for Moonstone (Orthoclase Feldspar)

  • African Emerald: Green Fluorite

  • African Jade: Also known as Transvaal Jade, it can either be a variety of green Grossular Garnet, or Verdite, a Fuchsite rich metamorphic rock (the difference is dependant on the source location).

  • African Turquoise: A variety of teal/green spotted Jasper from Africa

  • Agape Crystal: A trademarked name for an Amethyst variety with potential Cacoxenite, Goethite, Lepidocrocite and Rutile inclusions. It is thought to also have Clear and Smoky Quartz present as well (despite these all being varieties of the same mineral). (Also sold under the trademark 'Super Seven').

  • Agni Mani: Also known as Agni Manitite, it is actually a volcanic glass, known as a pseudo-tektite, from Indonesia.

  • Agnitite: A clear quartz with red Hematite inclusions (also sold as Agni Fire Quartz, Hematoid Quartz, Fire Quartz).

  • Alaskan Black Diamond: Hematite found in Alaska

  • Albatine Aragonite: A trade marked name for Aragonite

  • Alligator Quartz: A trade name for a quartz growth form of multiple small terminations with parallel rhombohedral faces, resulting in a pseudo double termination appearance (often seen in Smoky Quartz). Considered to be similar to Elestial or Jacare Quartz.

  • Almandine Spar: An old name for Eudialyte

  • Alum: A lab made mineral (Potassium Aluminium Sulphate)

  • Amaranthine: A trademark for Brecciated Fluorite in Quartz with Calcite. Also sold as Sphalerite, although both are considered to be misleading names.

  • Amatrix: A variety of Variscite found in Nevada, USA (also sold as Utahlite)

  • Amazez: Also spelled Amezez, it is a trademarked name for Chevron (banded) Amethyst.

  • Amazon Jade: Amazonite (A green/blue Microline Feldspar)

  • Amber Onyx: Trade name for orange Calcite with pale Calcite banding

  • Amegreen: A variety of Amethyst with Praisolite (Green Amethyst/Quartz).

  • American Ruby: Trade name given to both Rose Quartz and Garnet varieties found in the USA.

  • Amethyst Zebra Stone: Name given to Banded or Chevron Amethyst

  • Ambrite: A variety of fossil tree resin that occurs in coal seams in New Zealand

  • Ammolite: A variety of Ammonite fossil found in Alberta, Canada, which is renowned for its iridescent finish (considered to be an organic gemstone).

  • Amulet Stone: A trademark for Rhyolite, also a term given to any stone used in healing/protection.

  • Anandalite: A trademarked name for a variety of Quartz containing Brazil-Law Twinning (also sold as Aurora or Iris Quartz).

  • Ancestralite: A trade name for pseudomorphic Hematite after Marcasite

  • Anchi Crystal: A trade name for a variety of Lithium bearing pegmatite rock.

  • Ancona Ruby: Rose Quartz

  • Andara Crystal: A misleading name for Slag/Cullet Glass (waste product from heavy industry, man made). Often sold as natural.

  • Angel Hair Quartz: Trade name for Rutile in Quartz (also sold as Rutilated Quartz)

  • Angel Phantom Quartz: Trade name for Amphibole in Quartz, depending on colour and dispersal through the quartz, can be called Papaya Quartz or Rabbit Ear Quartz.

  • Angel Wing Quartz: Another trade name for Amphibole in Quartz.

  • Angelite: A blue Anhydrite mineral formed from evaporated Gypsum.

  • Angelinite: Trademarked name for Quartz with Calcite

  • Anyolite: A trade name for a rock consisting of Ruby, Zoisite and Pargasite, more well known under the name Ruby in Zoisite.

  • Apache Gold: Trade name for Pyrite and Marcasite, also sold as Healer's Gold.

  • Apache Tear: Trade name for brown/black translucent round pebbles of Obsidian, often found in a Perlite Matrix.

  • Aphrodite Stone: A trade name given to Cobaltoan Calcite, also known as Cobaltocalcite

  • Apricot/Orange Botswana Agate: Misleading trade name for banded Carnelian

  • Aqua Lemuria: Trademarked name for a pale translucent glass from Sumatra, debated to be of volcanic origins, potentially fake.

  • Aqualite: Apatite in Quartz

  • Aquaprase: A variety of green-blue chalcedony (Chrysoprase) from Africa

  • Aquatine Lemurian Calcite: A trademarked name for a distinctive blue Calcite from Argentina

  • Arizonaite: A pseudo-tektite that is actually Obsidian, also called Saffordite, Colombianite or Cintanami Stone

  • Arizona Ruby: Pyrope Garnet

  • Arkansas Diamond: Clear Rock Quartz from Arkansas

  • Arkansas Stone: A variety of Chert (Novaculite) found in Arkansas

  • Armenian Stone: A historic trade name for Azurite

  • Aroha Stone: A trademarked name for Piemontite Schist found in New Zealand, also called Vitalite.

  • Ascensionite: A trade name for a rock comprised of Pyrite and Marcasite

  • Astaraline: Low grade Quartz with Muscovite and Cronstedtite inclusions

  • Asteria: Ancient name given to any stone that has a type of chatoyancy that produces a six sided 'star', or asterism, such as Ruby, Garnet, Quartz and Sapphire

  • Atlantis Stone: Trade name for Larimar (Blue Pectolite)

  • Atlantisite: A trade name for a rock comprised of Stitchite and Serpentine

  • Aura Quartz: Trade name given to usually low grade Quartz that has been treated with elemental vapour (usually Gold, Platinum, Iridium or Titanium) to produce an iridescent effect. Different elemental vapour can be added to provide different colouration.

  • Auralite 23: A trademarked name for low grade Amethyst from Canada, said to contain 23 minerals, but realistically contains between 2 to 7 different mineral inclusions.

  • Australian Amazonite: While Amazonite can be found in Australia, the name has been used misleadingly for both green-blue Calcite and Chalcedony of a similar colour.

  • Australian Jade: Any green Quartz variety found in Australia, such as Green Aventurine

  • Avalon Stone: Trade name for Jurassic-Triassic mud-stone/limestone

  • Aventurine Feldspar: Older name for Sunstone

  • Azeztulite: Also spelled Azezulite, this is a trademarked name for extremely low grade Quartz Rock found in the Coromandel, New Zealand.

  • Azotic Topaz: Name given to a Topaz coloured synthetically by the Azotic Company.

  • Azozeo Phenacite: Trade marked name for Phenacite (also spelled Phenakite), a variety of Beryllium Silicate

  • Azul: Old name for Lapis Lazuli

  • Azumar: Trademarked name for Kaolinite in Quartz, from Arizona


B

  • Baffa Diamond: Trade name for clear Rock Quartz

  • Bahia Blue Quartz: Dumortierite in Quartz

  • Bahia Topaz: A misleading name for Bahia Citrine

  • Balas Ruby: A misleading name for Pink to Red Spinel

  • Balinyouqi Stone: Trade name for Cinnabar, Dickite and Quartz. Can also be known as Chicken Blood Stone or Changhua Stone

  • Bello Opal: Trade name given to a man made synthetic Opal, similar to Opalite

  • Benegal Amethyst: Purple Sapphire

  • Biggs Jasper: Name given to a distinct brown Jasper found near Biggs Junction, Oregon USA.

  • Binghamite: Chalcedony variety with Goethite banding.

  • Biron Emerald: Lab grown Emerald.

  • Bisbee Blue: Turquoise found in Bisbee, Arizona, USA

  • Bixbite: Outdated term to describe gem quality Red Beryl

  • Black Amber: Historical name for Jet

  • Black Azeztulite: A trade mark name for black Quartz with white Calcite from the USA. Also trademarked under the name Illuminite. Often dark Basalt rocks are sold under this label.

  • Black Galaxy Granite: Trade name for a dark Gabbro rock, with Enstatite (Bronzite) inclusions

  • Black Jack: Historical name for Sphalerite, which is commonly dark brown/black in appearance

  • Black Labradorite: Actually Larvikite, a mineral within the Augite-Syenite series containing chatoyant Feldspar

  • Black Strongstone: A black variety of Quartz (likely Galena in Quartz) from Mexico.

  • Black Tourmaline Azeztulite: A fairly common mix of Black Tourmaline in low grade White Quartz

  • Bleu Jaune: A rare variety of Blue and Yellow Fluorite from Darbyshire, UK. Also known as Blue John and Darbyshire Spar

  • Bliss Quartz: Green Quartz (most likely Green Aventurine) from Africa

  • Blizzard Stone: Trade name given to Gabbro rock.

  • Blood Jasper: Another name for Bloodstone, a green and red speckled Chalcedony Variety, typically from Africa

  • Blue Alexandrite: Trade name for Bi-Colour Sapphire

  • Blue Denim Stone: Trade name for blue Dumortierite in Quartz

  • Blue Goldstone: A man made silica glass with added cobalt to provide colour and aventurescent effect.

  • Blue-Green Azeztulite: A trademarked name for green Aventurine.

  • Blue Iron Earth: Trade name for Vivianite

  • Blue John: Trade name for purple and white or purple and yellow Fluorite.

  • Blue Liberite: Trade name given to a variety of Brazilian Rhyolite (comprised of Calcite, Clinozoisite, Kaolinite, Feldspar, Leucoxene, Magnetite, Quartz, and some Iron Oxides), identifiable by the blue coloured Quartz phenocrysts, also sold as Que Sera Stone.

  • Blue Malachite: Formerly used as a trade name for Azurite, nowadays used as a trade name for Chrysocolla.

  • Blue Moon Quartz: Another term for Dumortierite in Quartz

  • Blue Obsidian: Trade name for a pale translucent man made glass sold as genuine Obsidian.

  • Blue Quartz: Commonly associated with Dumortierite in Quartz, can also be associated with Crocidolite in quartz

  • Blue Smoke Quartz: Trade name for Clear Quartz with Cookeite inclusions

  • Blue Tara Quartz: A common trade name for Riebeckite (a variety of Amphibole) in Quartz, sometimes possibly with Olenite Tourmaline inclusions

  • Blueberry Quartz: Smelting Glass (man made Glass), with blue colouration added, similar to Cherry 'Quartz'.

  • Bluestone: Name given to over 20 different rock varieties, most well known in the metaphysical industry as spotted Dolerite from the Preseli area in South Wales.

  • Bodeachat: Name given to a variety of Slag Glass that was formed in Bad Lauterberg, Germany during the 18th Century, and is characterised by a deep blue colour.

  • Bohemian Emerald: Trade name for Green Fluorite

  • Bohemian Garnet: Trade name given to Pyrope Garnet

  • Bohemian Ruby: Trade name for Pyrope Garnet

  • Boji Stones: A name given to a Pyrite Marcasite concretion found in Kansas USA, also known as Kansas Pop Rocks

  • Bolivianite: Name that can be used for two different stones; Ametrine is the common mineral under this name, but it can also refer to a stone comprised of purple Fluorite and green Serpentine.

  • Bone Turquoise: Name given to Odontolite (a variety of fossil bone or ivory), often dyed to resemble Turquoise

  • Bony Amber: Amber with a cloudy appearance and with air bubble inclusions throughout its interior.

  • Bort: Odd name for a dark, imperfectly crystallised opaque Diamond

  • Brazilian Aquamarine: Can sometimes refer to Aquamarine found in Brazil, but can also be a false name for Brazilian Topaz

  • Brazilian Emerald: Can refer to Emerald from Brazil, but can be a false name for Green Tourmaline.

  • Brazilian Ruby: False name for Pink Topaz

  • Brazilian Sapphire: False name for Blue Tourmaline or Topaz

  • Brazilian Topaz: May refer to Topaz from Brazil, but may also refer to Citrine

  • Brandenberg Quartz: A misspelling of Brandberg Quartz, from Namibia

  • Bristol Diamond: Rock Quartz from the limestone hills near Bristol UK.

  • Broghton Emerald: Green glass used as artificial Emerald

  • Buddstone: Trade name for Verdite (Fuchsite rich metamorphic rock)

  • Buddhalite Calcite: Trade name for a white-grey Calcite from China.

  • Bulgarian Power Crystal: Trademarked name for Quartz containing Pyrite, Sphalerite and/or Galena

  • Bull's Eye: Trade name for Red (typically dyed) Tiger's Eye

  • Bumblebee Jasper: A fibrous Calcite, with inclusions of Realgar and Pyrite

  • Burma Sapphire: May be used to describe Sapphire from Myanmar, can be used to describe artificial or lab grown Sapphire

  • Burmite: Amber from Myanmar


C


  • Cairngorm: Trade name given to Smoky Quartz from the Cairngorm mountains in Scotland

  • Calamine: Historic trade name given to Smithsonite and Hemimorphite (once thought to be the same mineral)

  • Calligraphy Stone: A sedimentary stone (likely a marl or limestone) with fossiliferous remains (primarily bivalve or mollusc), often mistaken for a Jasper. Also called Mariam (Miriam) Stone, or Script Stone

  • California Ruby: A trade name for Pyrope Garnet

  • Canary Tourmaline: A trade name given to Malawi Yellow Tourmaline

  • Candy Spinel: A misleading name for Almandine Garnet

  • Cape Emerald: Misleading name for Green Phrenite

  • Cape May Diamond: A trade name for water worn, Clear Quartz pebbles found near Cape May, NJ, USA

  • Cape Ruby: Trade name for Pyrope Garnet

  • Carborundum: A common name for Silicon Carbide, a man made material formed primarily for industrial abrasives

  • Carbuncle: Historic name for any Red Garnet (or Spinel) that has been cut into a cabochon

  • Castellite: Trade name given to Titanite, also known as Sphene

  • Cat's Eye: Name given to any stone with chatoyant optical properties, used to be commonly used for chatoyant Chrysoberyl and Tiger's Eye, but now is often used for chatoyant mad made materials called Fibre Optic Glass. The chatoyant effect can occur due to the occurrence of fibrous minerals within the main crystal, these result in the reflecting of light into a single beam, giving the effect.

  • Cat's Eye Aquamarine: Trade name given to any Aquamarine pieces displaying chatoyant properties

  • Cat's Eye Emerald: Trade name given to any Emerald pieces displaying chatoyant properties

  • Cat's Eye Moonstone: Trade name given to any Moonstone pieces displaying chatoyant properties

  • Cat's Eye Quartz: Trade name given to Quartz with densely included Rutile crystals, producing a chatoyant effect.

  • Cat's Eye Tourmaline: Trade name given to any Tourmaline that displays a chatoyant effect.

  • Cermikite: Another trade name for the artificial/lab grown mineral Alum

  • Cesium Beryl: Another name for Morganite

  • Ceylon Diamond: A misleading name for colourless Zircon crystals

  • Ceylon Opal: A misleading trade name for Sri Lankan Moonstone

  • Chalybite: Another name for the mineral Siderite

  • Changhua Stone: Trade name for Cinnabar, Dickite and Quartz. Can also be known as Chicken Blood Stone or Balinyouqi Stone

  • Chathan Emerald: Synthetic/Lab Grown Emerald

  • Cherry Quartz: A smelting glass (man made glass), with red colouration added, similar to Blueberry 'Quartz'.

  • Cherry Creek Smoothstone: River tumbled green to brown Jasper

  • Chessylite: Trade name for Azurite

  • Chevron Amethyst: A banded Amethyst variety, formed by the gradual layering of different Quartz's on top of each other, some rich in trivalent iron (Amethyst), and others not (White Quartz).

  • Chicken Blood Stone: Trade name for Cinnabar, Dickite and Quartz. Can also be known as Balinyouqi Stone or Changhua Stone

  • Chicken Bone Jade: A brown/beige variety of Nephrite Jade

  • Chinese Charoite: A misleading trade name for a deep Purple Fluorite, can also be used for the mineral Sugulite (although this is rare).

  • Chinese Larimar: A misleading name for Blue Aragonite

  • Chinese Writing Stone: A trade name for a Felsic igneous rock, often mislabelled as a Jasper

  • Chrysanthemum Stone: A trade name given to a black igneous rock with significant crystalline Celestine, Feldspar, Aragonite or Calcite 'flower' phenocrysts.

  • Chrysolite: A trade name commonly associated with Peridot, but can also be used for Phrenite, Chrysoberyl, as well as Yellow and Green Topaz varieties.

  • Cinn: Another name for Cinnabar

  • Cinnabrite: A trade name for Cinnabar in Quartz

  • Cinnamon Stone: a trade name for Hessonite Garnet

  • Cinnazez: A trademarked name which can be used to describe Cinnabar, Cinnabar in Quartz, or Cinnabar with quartz with Zinc inclusions.

  • Cintanami Stone: One of several trade names for a pseudo-tektite variety of Obsidian, also called Saffordite and Arizonaite

  • Circle stone: A trade name for Flint from South West England

  • Citrine Topaz: A trade name used for both Yellow Topaz or Citrine from Brazil

  • Collamacalcite: Trade name for Malachite with Chrysocolla

  • Colombianite: A common trade name for a a pseudo-tektite variety of Obsidian, also called Cintanami Stone, Saffordite and Arizonaite

  • Colorado Jade: A trade name for Amazonite

  • Colorado Ruby: A trade name for Pyrope Garnet

  • Common Citrine: A trade name used for heat treated Amethyst Citrine, used to differentiate it from natural Citrine

  • Copper Ruby: A trade name for Cuprite

  • Coppernite: A trade name for an Amphibole rich metamorphic rock, containing in particular Gerdite and Anthophyllite. Can also be used to describe Black Galaxy Granite, which is actually a Gabbro.

  • Coromandel Stonewood: Petrified Wood from the Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand.

  • Cornelian: Historic name for Carnelian

  • Cornish Diamond: Trade name for Quartz Rock crystal from Cornwall, England

  • Crackle Quartz: Clear Quartz that has been artificially heated and then rapidly cooled, through a process known as quench crackling, resulting in a large network of fractures within the stone. This allows for dye to hold better, and is also known as Fire and Ice Quartz.

  • Cradle of Humankind: A less common name now, but used for grey Chalcedony from Africa.

  • Cranberry Quartz: A trade name for Hematite rich Quartz, also sold as Pink Amethyst

  • Creation Stone: A trademarked name for Agate from Queensland, Australia

  • Crimson Cuprite: A trademarked name for Cuprite, often with Chrysocolla

  • Crocodile Jasper: More commonly known as Kambaba Jasper, Nebula Stone or Eldarite, it is often mislabelled. Not actually a Jasper, or a genuine Stromatolite, it is a variety of Rhyolite coloured green by the mineral Aegirine, found mainly in the Bongolava Region of Madagascar

  • Cross Stone: Trade name for Chiastolite (a variety of Andalusite)

  • Crow's Coal: Trade name for Anthracite Coal

  • Csarite: A trade name for the gemstone Diaspore, also known as Kayserite, Empholite, Tantarite and Zultanite

  • Cubic Zirconia: A synthetic/lab grown mineral, not to be confused with genuine Zircon. Often used in place of Diamonds in jewellery

  • Cyanite: Another name for Kyanite

  • Cymophane: A polished Chrysoberyl that displays the Cymophane effect

  • Czochralski Alexandrite: Synthetic/Lab grown Alexandrite


D


  • Dallasite: Trade name for a Breccia that has undergone partial alteration to Epidote, Calcite, Chlorite and Quartz

  • Dalmatian Jasper: A misleading name for a cream coloured Feldspar containing inclusions of Arfvedsonite

  • Darwin Glass: A trade name for a variety of Impactite/Tektite Glass found in Darwin, Australia

  • Darwinite: Another trade name for Tektite glass from Darwin, Australia

  • Dauphine Diamond: Quartz Rock crystal from Dauphine, France.

  • Desert Glass: A trade name for a gold colour Tektite glass from Libya, also known as Libyan Desert Glass

  • Desert Rose: A name given to evaporate minerals (either Gypsum varieties, Barite or Celestite) that form in a distinctive flower shape. Also known as a Sand Rose.

  • Detroit Agate: A name given to an artificial enamel material made from layers of brightly coloured automotive paint, found in old car factories in Detroit, USA. When cut, the banding is similar to that of an Agate. Also called Fordite and Rainbow Calsilica.

  • Devalite: A trademarked name for Serpentine and Grey Quartz

  • DevaQuartz: A trademarked name for Quartz containing Celadonite

  • Dianite: Another name for Columbite, not to be confused with Dianite Jade

  • Dianite Jade: A misleading trade name for a stone that is not actually Jade, but blue Amphibole rich rock. Also sold as Siberian Blue Jade.

  • Dichroite: Another name given to the mineral Cordierite, also known as Iolite.

  • Disthene: Another trade name for Kyanite

  • Dolphin Stone: Trade name for Larimar, a rare blue variety of Pectolite, found only in the Dominican Republic

  • Dragon Egg: Trade name for a Septarian (Calcite, Aragonite and Brecciated Limestone nodule) nodule

  • Dragon Stone: A trade name for either Septarian Nodules, or for Epidote with red Piemontite

  • Dragon's Blood: Trade name for Epidote with red Piemontite

  • Dream Amethyst: A trade name either for low grade pale Amethyst, or for Amethyst with white Quartz banding

  • Dream Quartz: A name given to either Actinolite with Quartz, Epidote in Quartz, or Lodolite

  • Durr Al Najaf: A trade name for high clarity Quartz variety found in Iran


E


  • Eclipse Stone: Another name for Bumblebee Jasper, a fibrous Calcite, with inclusions of Realgar and Pyrite

  • Egyptian Alabaster: A trade name for pale banded Calcite

  • Eisenkiesel: Another name for a red variety of iron stained Quartz, known as Hematoid Quartz

  • Eilat Stone: A name given to a rock bearing Malachite, Chrysocolla, Turquoise and Azurite from Israel, also sold as King Solomon stone, or in its misspelled version Eliat stone.

  • Eldarite: Another trade name for Kambaba Jasper, a variety of Rhyolite coloured green by the mineral Aegirine, found mainly in the Bongolava Region of Madagascar

  • Elestial Angel Calcite: Trademarked name for Calcite from the desert regions of South West USA

  • Elestial Quartz: A trade name for a type of Quartz growth form composed of multiple small terminations with parallel rhombohedral faces, often creating an overall double terminated effect. Also known as Jacare Quartz and Alligator Quartz

  • Elie Ruby: A trade name for Pyrope Garnet

  • Ema Egg: A name given to a tumbled stone, typically a variety of quartz, with only one polished face. It is not naturally tumbled despite what has been claimed. Also called Seer stones or Ovo de Ema.

  • Emeraldine: A misleading name for dyed green Chalcedony

  • Emeraldite: A misleading name for Green Tourmaline

  • Empholite: Trade name for the gemstone Diaspore also known as Kayserite and Tanatarite.

  • Empowerite: A trade mark for a brown chert variety.

  • Endura Emerald: Name given to green glass used as simulated Emerald

  • Endurite: Trademarked name for a Banded Red Jasper with Hematite from India

  • Erzurum Stone: Trade name for Jet from Turkey, also known as Oltu Stone

  • Euphoralite: Trade marked name for a Lithium rich pegmatite rock from South Daktoa, USA largely comprised of Black Tourmaline, Lithium, Mica, Quartz, and Feldspar

  • Evening Emerald: A misleading trade name for Green Peridot


F


  • Faden Quartz: A name given to a distinctive growth formation in which Quartz forms in fissures in the host rock that widen slowly, resulting in the appearance of a "spine" running through the middle of each specimen.

  • Fairy Cross stone: A trade name used for either the mineral Staurolite, or less commonly, Chiastolite

  • Fairy Quartz: A variety of Quartz growth formation comprised of large Quartz points (initial formation) encrusted by smaller druzy crystals (secondary mineral formation) on its prism faces

  • Fairy Stone: A trade name given to a form of Calcite concretion found in Quebec, Canada. Also called Goddess Stone, but not to be confused with Fairy Cross Stone or Fairy Quartz.

  • False Topaz: Trade name for Citrine, more commonly used for Brazilian Citrine.

  • Falcon's Eye: Trade name for heated (Red) Tiger's Eye

  • Fei Cui: The more accepted name for Jade-Jadeite (originating from Pinyin Chinese), as it encompasses a range of jade compositions that include Jadeite, Omphacite and Kosmochlor.

  • Ferrer's Emerald: Green glass used to simulate Emerald

  • Fire Crackle Agate: Either Carnelian, or dyed red Agate that has been heated and cooled through the quench cooling method, to produce a crackle/fractured appearance

  • Fire Quartz: Trade name for a type of Iron stained Quartz, also known as Hematoid Quartz

  • Fire and Ice Quartz: Clear Quartz that has been artificially heated and then rapidly cooled, through a process known as quench crackling, resulting in a large network of fractures within the stone. This allows for dye to hold better, and is also known as Crackle Quartz

  • Fire Stone: Old name for Pyrite, or Fool's Gold, it has been well regarded as a fire starter since ancient times (as it sparks under percussion).

  • Flowerstone: Trade name for Chrysanthemum Stone, or Snowflake Obsidian.

  • Flower Agate: A relatively new term for a variety of Chalcedony containing flower like inclusions (of Chalcedony). Sometimes called Cherry Blossom Agate.

  • Fluorospar: Older name for Fluorite

  • Fool's Gold: Trade name for Pyrite, stemming from its metallic gold like appearance. As it often forms near Gold deposits, it was often mistaken for Gold during the 1800's gold rushes, hence the name Fool's Gold. Also known as Firestone.

  • Fordite: Another name for a brightly coloured automotive paint enamel found in abandoned car factories in Detroit, not an actual stone. Also sold as Detroit Agate and Rainbow Calsilica

  • Fossil Turquoise: Another name for Odontolite (a variety of fossil bone or ivory), often dyed to resemble Turquoise.

G


  • Gahnite: Another name for Vesuvianite, or Idocrase

  • Gaia Stone: A trade name for a man made green Glass said to contain ash particles from the 1980's Mount St. Helen's eruption (Washington, USA). Also sold as Helenite or Green Obsidian

  • Galaxy Granite: Trade name for a variety of Gabbro. Can also describe a trade name for an Amphibole rich metamorphic rock, containing in particular Gerdite and Anthophyllite.

  • Galaxyite: A trade name for a type of micro-crystalline Labradorite (not to be confused with the Spinel variety Galaxite.

  • Garden Quartz: A trade name for a heavily included Quartz, also known as Lodolite, Shamanic Dream Quartz and Scenic Quartz.

  • Garnet Jade: Another trade name for green Grossular Garnet, also sold as Transvaal Jade

  • Garnet Ruby: Another name for Pyrope or Almandine Garnet

  • Gel Lithium Silica: A trade name for a Lithium Rich Muscovite (Lepidolite).

  • Gem Silica: A variety of Chalcedony, also known as Chrysocolla Chalcedony

  • Geneva Ruby: A variety of synthetic Ruby.

  • Gilson Emerald: Synthetic Emerald created using the Gilson method.

  • Gilson Lapis: Synthetic Lapis Lazuli created using the Gilson method.

  • Gilson Opal: Synthetic Opal created using the Gilson method.

  • Girasol: A bluish-white translucent Opal with reddish reflections

  • Girasol Quartz: Trade name for opalescent Quartz

  • Goddess Stone: A trade name given to a form of Calcite concretion found in Quebec, Canada, also called Menalite.

  • Gold Sapphire: Lapis Lazuli with clear Pyrite inclusions

  • Gold Topaz: Misleading trade name for Citrine

  • Golden Azeztulite: Trademarked name for low grade Clear Quartz Crystal Points, some with Iron staining

  • Golden Coracalcite: Trademarked name for generic low grade Yellow Calcite from Florida

  • Golden Healer Quartz: Trade name given to a variety of Iron stained Quartz (Limonite) with a golden yellow colouration

  • Golden Labradorite: A misleading trade name for Bytownite (a Plagioclase Feldspar series member very similar to Labradorite)

  • Golden Lemurians: A trademarked name for a Quartz variety that has distinct ladder-like grooves. Also known as Lemurians/Lemurian Seed.

  • Golden Ocean Calcite: Trademarked name for Honey Calcite

  • Goldstone: An aventurescent Glass formed through the heating and cooling of Copper in glass, resulting in the formation of miniature octohedral Copper Crystals that help produce an aventurescent effect. The copper can be replaced by Cobalt, Chromium Oxide or Manganese to produce different coloured varieties.

  • Green Amethyst: A green variety of Quartz, known as Prasiolite (often spelled Praisolite) or Vermarine, not to be confused with Prasolite (a variety of Chlorite)

  • Green Angel Dreamstone: A trade name for Quartz with Hedenbergite inclusions, also known as Qigong Quartz or Seriphos Quartz

  • Green Fire Azeztulite: Trademark for Green Argillite Pebbles with Quartz veining, or Serpentinite with Quartz.

  • Green Flower Jasper: Trade name for a variety of spherulitic Rhyolite, similar to Rainforest Jasper, also called Sakura Rhyolite Agate.

  • Green Goldstone: An aventurescent Glass formed through the heating and cooling of Chromium Oxide in glass, resulting in the formation of miniature crystals suspended in the glass, producing the aventurescent effect.

  • Green Strawberry Quartz: Trade name for Green Aventurine

  • Green Tartalite: A trademarked name for a Green Andesite rock

  • Green Turquoise: A trade name for either Chalsoderite or Faustite, not real Turquoise

  • Greenstone: Trademarked as New Zealand Greenstone, Greenstone is a name for Serpentine, Nephrite Jades, Green Argillites and Bowenite found in New Zealand. Known primarily as Pounamu, with different categories such as Pounamu, or Kawakawa, Kahurangi, and Tangiwai

  • Guardianite: A trademarked name for a variety of Nepheline Syenite rock.


H


  • Hackmanite: A name given to a purple variety of the mineral Sodalite, which is fluorescent and typically Sulphur rich

  • Harlequin Quartz: Another name for a variety of Quartz with Hematite inclusions (not Lepidocrocite). It is very similar to and sometimes considered synonymous with genuine Strawberry Quartz (not to be confused with the smelting glass with the same name).

  • Hawks Eye: Often dyed blue Tiger's Eye

  • Healer's Gold: A trade name given to Pyrite and Marcasite, also sold as Apache Gold

  • Healerite: A trademarked name for a pale coloured Serpentine

  • Heartenite: A trademarked name for Serpentinite

  • Hecatolite: A vague name for Moonstone, that actually encompasses a variety of Feldspar minerals

  • Heliotrope: A relatively antiquated name for the green and red speckled Chalcedony variety known as Bloodstone

  • Hemalyke: Synthetic/imitation Hematite, made from reconstituted Iron Oxide, used to form Hematite rings etc. It can have magnetite added to make 'Magnetic Hematite'

  • Herkimer Diamond: Trade name given to a double terminated, high clarity Quartz found in Herkimer County, New Jersey, USA.

  • Hilutite: A trade name for Quartz that contains Garnet, Zircon and Goethite

  • Himalaya Gold Azeztulite: Trademarked name for a Golden coloured Quartz from the Himalaya Region.

  • Himalayan Diamonds: Trade name for double terminated Quartz found in Pakistan, that has a similar formation to 'Herkimer Diamonds' also known as Pakimer Diamond

  • Holly Blue: A trade name for a translucent blue/purple variety of Chalcedony

  • Honey and Cream Azeztulite: Low grade Coromandel Quartz Rock with Iron staining.

  • Honeycomb Ruby: Trade name given to synthetic ruby formed through the smelting of Aluminium oxide powders with small amounts of Chromium. This forms genuine synthetic Ruby, that is UV reactive. The patterning is formed through inconsistent heating during the process, resulting in a pitted appearance. There is no known locality for Honeycomb Ruby, which is another indicator of its in-authenticity as a genuine mineral.

  • Hope Sapphire: Trade name for synthetic blue Sapphire

  • Hot Springs Diamond: Clear Quartz found near Hot Springs, Arkansas, USA

  • Hyacinth: A historic trade name for Red Zircon (although may also relate to Yellow/Orange/Red Topaz varieties), also called Jacinth.


I


  • Ice Cream Stone: A trade name given to a Fluorite rock that bears Bertrandite, Opal, Quartz, and/or Chalcedony, also called Tiffany Stone.

  • Ice Quartz: A type of Quartz formation from Himachal Pradesh, India that shows clear patterns of growth and interruption, also known as Nirvana Stone, or Nirvana Quartz

  • Iceland Spar: Another name for Optical Calcite, can also be called Viking Sunstone

  • Idocrase: One of the common names given to the mineral Vesuvianite

  • Illuminite: A trade mark name for black Quartz with white Calcite from the USA. Also trademarked under the name Black Azeztulite.

  • Inca Jade: Nephrite Jade with Pyrite inclusions, typically found in Peru

  • Inca Rose: Rhodochrosite from South America

  • Indigo Light: Trademarked name for a pegmatite variety consisting of Blue Tourmaline, Mica and Quartz

  • Indian Emerald: A misleading trade name for Quartz or Chalcedony that has been dyed green

  • Indian Jade: Trade name for green Aventurine

  • Indian Topaz: Another misleading trade name for yellow Sapphire

  • Indicolite: A name for a variety of dark green Tourmaline

  • Infinite: A light coloured Serpentine from South Africa

  • Inkalite: Also spelled Incalite, it is a white Quartz from Peru

  • Iolite: Common name for the mineral Cordierite, also called Dichroite or Water Sapphire

  • Iris Agate: A rare variety of Agate with clear iridescence, observed as a rainbow effect when held up to light.

  • Iron Rose: A trade name for Hematite when observed in the mineral's platy 'rosette' crystal habit

  • Isua Stone: A 3.7 billion year old stone from Greenland comprised of Iron formations and *possibly* containing Stromatolite fossils although this is of much debate. More likely to be an igneous to metamorphic stone rich in Amphibole minerals.


J


  • Jacinth: An old trade name for Red Zircon

  • Jadine: Another name for Chrysoprase

  • Jalite: A trade name for Hyalite Opal, also sold as Mueller's Glass, or Water Opal

  • Jargon: A colourless to pale grey/yellow variety of Zircon, also spelled Jargoon

  • Jaspilite: A trade name for a rock comprised of red Jasper and Hematite

  • Jasper Jade: A green variety of Jasper

  • Javanite: Trade name for a variety of Tektite from Indonesia, also called Indochinite

  • Jelly Aura Quartz: Trade name given to Aura Quartz that is treated using the Teflon Method

  • Jenakite: Trade name for Nuummite from Mauritania

  • Jourado Diamond: Trade name for a colourless synthetic variety of Spinel


K


  • K2: A trade name for Granite with secondary Azurite formations or 'spots' found in the foothills of K2 mountain in the Himalayas

  • Kahurangi: A Maori term to describe a translucent and vivid green variety of Nephrite Jade.

  • Kallait: A trade name for Turquoise, but can also refer to imitation Turquoise. Also Spelled Callais, or Kallaite

  • Kambaba Jasper: A trade name for a variety of Rhyolite from the Bongolava Region of Madagascar. Not a Stromatolite as is often claimed. Also known as Eldarite, Crocodile Jasper and Nebula Stone

  • Kansas Pop Rocks: A name given to a Pyrite Marcasite concretion found in Kansas USA, also known as Boji Stones

  • Kaurilite: A trademarked name for a semi fossilised resin from the Kauri tree, found only in New Zealand

  • Kawakawa: A Maori name for variety of Nephrite that comes in a wide variety of shades often with different inclusions

  • Kayserite: Another name for Diaspore, also called Csarite, Tantarite, Empholite and Zultanite

  • Kidney Ore: A trade name for botryoidal Hematite

  • Killiecrankie Diamond: Misleading trade name for a bright colourless Topaz from Tasmania, Australia

  • Kimberly Emerald: Trade name for Synthetic Emerald

  • Kinradite: Trade name for Orbicular Jasper with Quartz rings, sometimes used as a trade name for regular Jasper.

  • Korean Jade: General term used for any Jade simulation such as Green Aventurine.

  • Kundalini Citrine/Quartz: Citrine from the Democratic Republic of the Congo


L


  • Labrador Hornblende: Trade name for Hypersthene, a Pyroxene mineral

  • Lakelandite: A Basalt rock found in the Lakelands, UK, that contains significant phenocrysts of Bytownite. Thought to be 470 million years old.

  • Landscape Quartz: A trade name for Quartz with a variety of inclusions also known as Lodolite, Shaman Dream Quartz, Shaman Quartz, Garden Quartz and Scenic Quartz

  • Lapis: Trade name for Lapis Lazuli

  • Lapis Lace Onyx: A trade name for a rock comprised of Scheelite, blue Dolomite and Calcite

  • Larimar: A variety of blue Pectolite, only found in the Dominican Republic; also known as Dolphin Stone, Atlantis Stone, or Stefilia's Stone

  • Lasionite: A less common name for Wavellite

  • Lasur: An uncommon term for Azurite

  • Lavenderite: A trademarked name for either Stitchite or Phosphoderite

  • Lavender Jade: Trade name given to a rock primarily composed of Jadeite with Albite, Tremolite and traces of Aegirine, resulting in a distinctive pale purple appearance.

  • Lavulite: A less common name for Sugulite

  • Lead Crystal: Not a genuine mineral, rather it is a Lead Glass, also sold as Czech Crystal, Swarovski Crystal & Waterford Crystal

  • Lehrite: Trade name for Oregon Sunstone

  • Lemon Chrysoprase: A misleading trade name for Nickel Magnesite, also called Citron Chrysoprase

  • Leopard Skin Jasper: An Orbicular Jasper variety

  • Lemurian Aquitaine Calcite: A misleading trade name for Argentinian Blue Calcite

  • Lemurian Mist Crystals: Trademarked name for a variety of clear Quartz that has distinct ladder-like grooves.

  • Lemurian Quartz: Clear Quartz variety that has distinct ladder-like grooves.

  • Lemurian Seed: Clear Quartz variety that has distinct ladder-like grooves.

  • Lily Pad Quartz: Clear Quartz with plates of Chlorite inclusions, giving the appearance of little lily pads.

  • Linde Emerald: Trade name for Synthetic Emerald

  • Lithia Emerald: Antiquated trade name for Hiddenite

  • Lithium Light: A trademarked name for Lithium included Quartz

  • Little Falls Diamond: Another trade name for Herkimer Diamond

  • Lizardite: A trade name for a variety of Serpentine

  • Llianite: Rhyolite with blue Quartz phenocrysts, similar to Que Sera stone from Texas, USA

  • Lions Eye Jasper: Trade name for a rock comprised of allegedly Quartz, Barite and Carbon Oxide

  • Lodestone: Trade name for the mineral Magnetite

  • Lodolite: A trade name for Quartz with a variety of inclusions also known as Shaman Dream Quartz, Shaman Quartz, Garden Quartz and Scenic Quartz

  • Lunar Rose Quartz: A variety of Rose Quartz with a darker grey Quartz

  • Lux Sapphire: A trade name for Iolite

  • Luxullianite: Trade name for a variety of Granite rock

  • Lynx Sapphire: Another trade name for Iolite


M


  • Madeira Topaz: A misleading trade name for Citrine

  • Magdalena Stone: Trade name for a variety of quartz with a somewhat knobbly appearance, often with inclusions of Hematite, Muscovite and Amphibole minerals. Sometimes called Witch Finger Quartz

  • Magnetic Hematite: Hematite that is really reconstituted Hematite with Magnetite (Genuine Hematite is not typically magnetic).

  • Magnifier Quartz: Trademarked for a lower grade Quartz variety from Madagascar

  • Malacholla: Also called Malacolla, this is a combination stone of the minerals Malachite and Chrysocolla

  • Manifest Light Stone: Trademarked name for a variety of clear to Smoky Quartz that contains specks of grey Hematite

  • Maramalite: Trademarked name for a Serpentine rock found in New Zealand, primarily comprised of Greenalite (Kaolinite-Serpentine series) and Serpentine

  • Mariam Stone: Trade name for a sedimentary stone (likely a marl or limestone) with fossiliferous remains (primarily bivalve or mollusc), often mistaken for a Jasper. Also called Calligraphy Stone, Script Stone, Miriam Stone.

  • Marmorosch Diamond: Trade name for Clear Quartz crystals from Marmoros, Hungary

  • Marsh Ore: Antiquated trade name for Limonite, a variety of Iron ore.

  • Mass Aqua: A pale blue manufactured Glass used to simulate Aquamarine

  • Master Shamanite: Trade name for Black Calcite

  • Matura Diamond: Misleading trade name for a variety of colourless Zircon

  • Maxixe: Trade name for a deep blue variety of Beryl.

  • Medine Emerald: Green glass that is used to simulate Emerald

  • Medusa Quartz: Trade name for Quartz containing blue Gilalite. Can also be known as Paraiba Quartz

  • Melinose: Trade name for Wulfenite

  • Melody's Stone: Trade name for an Amethyst variety with potential Cacoxenite, Goethite, Lepidocrocite and Rutile inclusions. It is thought to also have clear and smoky quartz present as well (despite these all being varieties of the same mineral). Also sold under the trademark 'Super Seven'.

  • Merkabite: Trade name for white Calcite found in Kansas, USA.

  • Merlinite: A dendritic Opal or Chalcedony variety comprised of Chalcedony, or Hydrous Silica, and Psilomelane. Not to be confused with Mystic Merlinite

  • Metamorphosis Quartz: A variety of opalescent Quartz, also sold as Girasol Quartz

  • Mexican Onyx: Banded Calcite from Mexico

  • Middleville Diamond: Another trade name for Herkimer Diamonds, a double terminated Quartz from New Jersey, USA.

  • Midnight Lemurian Jade: Trade name for a mixture of Jade, Pyrite, and Quartz, found in Peru

  • Mizzonite: Also called Marialite, it is actually a variety from the Scapolite series

  • Moldau Quartz: Trade name for any Quartz that is found within the Moldavite hunting zones of the Czech Republic

  • Monarch Opal: Trade name for a manufactured material commonly sold as imitation Opal

  • Mono-atomic Andara: Common scam name for Slag/Cullet Glass that is sold as a genuine crystal.

  • Montana Ruby: Misleading name for Almandine Garnet

  • Moon Quartz: Trade name for a variety of opalescent Quartz, also sold as Girasol Quartz

  • Moonstone: Trade name given to a wide range of Feldspars that display 'adularescence', which is an optical effect in which light appears to float just beneath the stone surface.

  • Moqui Marbles: Trade name given to a Pyrite Marcasite concretion found in Kansas USA, also known as Kansas Pop Rocks and Boji Stones

  • Morion: A name given to very dark, almost black NATURAL Smoky Quartz, although is often applied to artificially irradiated dark Smoky Quartz

  • Mosaic Quartz Chalcedony: Also called Mosaic Chalcedony, these are considered to be a scam in which different mineral pieces (pieces of Quartz, miniature druzy vugs, Graphite, Opalescent pieces, Chalcedony, and Quartz chunks) are glued together with a binder and polished to give a 'natural' brecciated appearance. Brecciated pieces of Quartz and and Chalcedony can occur naturally, and are also sold under this name.

  • Moss Agate: A dendritic Chalcedony containing inclusions of hornblende and other minerals

  • Moss Jasper: A variety of Chalcedony containing dense inclusions of green Hornblende that form a moss pattern. Same minerals as Moss Agate, Moss Jasper is just typically more opaque. Also sold under the name Tree Agate.

  • Moss Opal: Trade name for Opals containing inclusions that resemble Moss.

  • Mount St Helen's Emerald: Green Glass used to imitate Emerald.

  • Mountain Green: Trade name for Malachite

  • Mozambique Ruby: Misleading trade name for Pyrope Garnet

  • Mtorolite: Trade name for a Chrome rich green Chalcedony

  • Mueller's Glass: Misleading trade name for Hyalite Opal, also called Water Opal or Jalite

  • Mugglestone: A trade name also known as Tiger Iron, essentially a rock comprised of Hematite, Red Jasper and Tiger's Eye

  • Mutton Fat Jade: Trade name for white coloured Nephrite Jade.

  • Mystic Merlinite: A variety of Gabbro rock, also sold as Indigo Gabbro

  • Mystic Topaz: A trade name for Topaz that has been artificially coloured through the deposition of a thin metallic layer on top of the polished gem.


N


  • Nebula Stone: Primarily used as a trade name for Kambaba Jasper, a green variety of Rhyolite from Madagascar, but can sometimes be used as a trade name for genuine Stromatolite rock

  • Nerchinsk Aquamarine: Misleading trade name for a blue Topaz from Russia

  • Net Jasper: Trade name given to a metamorphosed Limestone

  • New Jade: Misleading trade name for Bowenite, also known as Tangiwai Pounamu, or Suzhou Jade

  • New Zealand Greenstone: Trademarked name for all Jade varieties in New Zealand

  • New Zealand white Azeztulite: Trademarked name for very low grade Quartz rock found in New Zealand

  • New Zealand Dragon Eggs: Trademarked name for common Mica rich Schist from the South Island, often bearing Garnet.

  • Night Bright Pearl: Trade name for a Chinese synthetic ceramic material with added rare earth elements so that it shows a phosphorescent effect. Can also be known as Ye Ming Zhu

  • Night Emerald: Misleading trade name for Peridot

  • Nirvana Quartz: A type of Quartz formation from Himachal Pradesh, India that shows clear patterns of growth and interruption, also known as

  • Noble Orthoclose: A name given to a Yellow gem variety of Orthoclase Feldspar

  • Nundorite: A rock found is NSW, Australia, that is a mix of brown Andalusite Quartz and Epidote

  • Nzuri Moyo: Trade name for a rock comprised of a combination of Rhodonite and Clinozoisite, from Namibia


O


  • Occidental Turquoise: Trade name for Odontolite, also called Bone Turquoise

  • Ocean Beryl: Trade name for Aquamarine

  • Ocean Jasper: Thought to be a variety of Orbicular Jasper found only in Madagascar, a recent study has shown the material (a mix of microscopic Quartz and Chalcedony), to be of an igneous origin (therefore not making it a Jasper), with the characteristic spherules thought to have formed through alteration and silicification of both volcanic Tuff and Rhyolitic lava flows.

  • Oltu Stone: Trade name for a variety of Jet found in eastern Turkey

  • Oogulite: Trade name for a rare Chalcedony nodule formation from North Africa

  • Opal Essence: Antiquated trade name for a man made Silica Glass used as an Opal imitation, also known as Slocum Opal or Slocum Glass

  • Opalite: Formerly a trade name for Common Opal, nowadays used for a distinct resinous looking blue/yellow Glass commonly sold as Moonstone or Opal.

  • Oregon Jade: A misleading trade name for Green Jasper

  • Oriental Amethyst: A misleading trade name for a violet to pink coloured, gem quality Sapphire

  • Oriental Emerald: Misleading trade name for a light to dark green, gem quality Sapphire

  • Oriental Peridot: Misleading trade name for a yellow green, gem quality Sapphire

  • Oriental Topaz: Misleading trade name for a yellow, gem quality Sapphire

  • Oriental White Sapphire: Colourless, gem quality, Sapphire

  • Ouro Verde Quartz: Trade name for a variety of Quartz that has been irradiated with Cobalt and then heat treated to provide a lime green colouration.


P


  • Pakimer Diamond: Misleading trade name for Herkimer style double terminated Quartz crystals from Pakistan. Also sold as Himalayan Diamonds

  • Pakulite: Trademarked name for Spherulitic Rhyolite from Mt Paku, New Zealand

  • Papaya Quartz: A trade name for Quartz variety containing red-orange Amphibole inclusions. Also sold as Angel Phantom Quartz, or Rabbit Hair Quartz

  • Paraiba Quartz: Trade name for Quartz with blue Gilalite inclusions, also sold as Medusa Stone, or Medusa Quartz

  • Peacock Ore: Can be used as a trademark for the mineral Bornite, or for man altered, acid treated Chalcopyrite.

  • Pecos Diamond: Misleading trade name for Herkimer style, peach coloured double terminated Quartz crystals from New Mexico, USA

  • Pentagonite: A polymorphic mineral with Cavansite

  • Petoskey Stone: Trade name for fossilised Rugose Coral

  • Petschite: A trade name for a purple variety of Scapolite, from Tanzania

  • Pezzottatite: Originally thought to be a pink-red Beryl variety, now recognised as a different mineral species.

  • Phenacite (Azozeo): Trademarked name for colourless Phenacite, also spelled Phenakite

  • Phoenix Pine: A material comprised of Malachite, Chrysocolla and Quartz, often incorrectly labelled as Ajoite, or sold as Phoenix Stone.

  • Phoenix Stone: A variety of Green Jasper

  • Picasso Jasper: Trade name given to a metamorphosed Limestone rock

  • Pietersite: Trade name for a Breccia comprised of Hawk's Eye, Tiger's Eye and Quartz/Chalcedony

  • Pineapple Quartz: A variety of Quartz growth formation comprised of large Quartz points (initial formation) encrusted by smaller druzy crystals (secondary mineral formation) on its prism faces. Also called Fairy Quartz and Cactus Quartz

  • Pink Amazonite: Misleading trade name given to Orthoclase Feldspar

  • Pink Amethyst: Trade name given to a Pink Quartz coloured through the inclusion of Hematite within the crystal structure. Chemically similar to Amethyst. Also called Rose Amethyst.

  • Pink Emerald: Misleading trade name for Morganite, also called Pink Beryl.

  • Pink Fire Azeztulite: Trademarked name for Hematite included Quartz, more commonly known as Fire Quartz or Hematoid Quartz

  • Pink Lazurine: Trade name for a lab grown Pink Quartz imitation, chemically similar to Siberian Blue Quartz

  • Plasma: Trade name for a deep green variety of Chalcedony.

  • Polarity Moonstone: Trade name for low grade Moonstone with little adularescence

  • Pounamu: Traditional Maori term for Serpentine, Bowenite and Nephritic Jade varieties found in New Zealand.

  • Prase: Trade name for any variety of green Chalcedony, but can also apply to Aventurine and other macro-crystalline Green Quartz

  • Preseli Blue Stone: A variety of spotted Dolerite from the Preseli area in South Wales.

  • Pressed Amber: A trade name used for pieces of Amber that have been artificially reheated and compressed to form larger pieces.

  • Primalite: Trademarked name for Quartz bearing Clinochore crystals.

  • Prophecy Stone: Trade name for a Limonite and Hematite pseudo-morph after Marcasite

  • Purple Angeline: Trade name for Amethyst with inclusions of Cacoxenite, with some Smoky Quartz purported to be present also.

  • Pyroxmangite: A very rare high temperature polymorph of Rhodonite. Rhodonite is sometimes sold under this label to fetch a higher price.


Q


  • Qigong Quartz: A trade name for Quartz with Hedenbergite inclusions, also known as Green angel Dreamstone or Seriphos Quartz

  • Quantum Quattro: Also called Quantum Quattro Silica, this is a trademarked name for a material comprised of Shattucktite, Chrysocolla, Dioptase, Smoky Quartz and Malachite from Namibia.

  • Que Sera: Trade name for given to a variety of Brazilian Rhyolite (comprised of Calcite, Clinozoisite, Kaolinite, Feldspar, Leucoxene, Magnetite, Quartz, and some Iron Oxides), identifiable by the blue coloured quartz phenocrysts, also sold as Blue Liberite


R


  • Rabbit Quartz: Trade name for Amphibole Quartz

  • Rainforest Jasper: Trade name given to a Rhyolite variety with bright colours, mainly found in Northern Australia

  • Rainbow Calsilica: Another name for Detroit Agate, a name given to an artificial enamel material made from layers of brightly coloured automotive paint, found in old car factories in Detroit, USA.

  • Rainbow Garnet: Trade name for iridescent Grossular Garnet

  • Rainbow Hematite: Can be used to describe iridescent Hematite with Goethite, can also be used to describe simulated Hematite.

  • Rainbow Mayanite: Trade name used for Quartz with secondary deposits of Limonite and Turgite

  • Rainbow Moonstone: Trade name given to a white variety of Labradorite Feldspar with rainbow like colour flash, also known as White Labradorite.

  • Raspberry Beryl: A trade name for the mineral Pezzotatite

  • Raspberry Spar: A trade name for Rhodochrosite

  • Rathbunite: A trademarked name given to a variety of banded Jasper

  • Red Amethyst: Trade name for Amethyst that is highly included with Hematite, altering the colour.

  • Red Fire Azeztulite: A trademarked name given to common Red Jasper found in New Zealand

  • Red Fire Quartz: Common trade name for Hematoid Quartz, a Quartz with red Iron Oxide inclusions

  • Red Lead: Trade name for the mineral Crocoite

  • Red Labradorite: Name given to the man altered mineral Andesine, which is Labradorite that has been artificially altered through Copper diffusion to produce a red colour.

  • Red River Sunset: Trade name given to a banded red Travertine Limestone

  • Regalite: An artificially dyed material, likely comprised of Magnesite, available in a variety of colours. Can also be sold as Imperial Jasper (not to be confused with actual Imperial Jasper) or Sea Sediment Jasper

  • Regency Emerald: Trade name for Synthetic Emerald

  • Reindeer Stone: Trade name for the mineral Tugtupite

  • Resinite: Trade name for Amber that is found in Coal seams in New Zealand

  • Revelation Stone: Trademarked name for a variety of common Brown and Red Jasper varieties from New Zealand

  • Rhinestone: Originally a name given to Quartz found on the banks of the Rhine, these days it is often a term used for any synthetic crystal- Plastic, Glass, or Resin.

  • Riband Jasper: A common trade name for brightly banded Jasper

  • Ribbon Jasper: A banded Jasper with thick bright banding

  • Rock Crystal: A term used to describe any crystalline Clear Quartz variety

  • Rock Salt: Trade name used for Halite

  • Rocky Mountain Ruby: Misleading trade name for Pyrope Garnet

  • Rogueite: Trade name for Green Jasper found near the Rogue river, Oregon, USA

  • Rosaline: A trade name for Thulite

  • Rose Amethyst: Trade name for Pink Amethyst

  • Rose Beryl: Trade name for Morganite

  • Rose De France: Trade name for pale Amethyst

  • Rosinca: Trade name for a variety of stalactite Rhodochrosite from Catamarca, Argentina

  • Rosophia: Trademarked name for Red Granite from the USA.

  • Rosolite: Trade name for pink coloured Garnets

  • Roswellite: Trademarked name for a Dolomite after Aragonite pseudo-morph

  • Royal Azel: Trade name for Sugulite

  • Rubicelle: Trade name for Yellow Spinel

  • Ruby Copper: A misleading trade name for Cuprite

  • Ruby Sulphur: Misleading trade name for Realgar

  • Rutilated Topaz: A misleading trade name for Limonite needles within Topaz, not Rutile.


S


  • Sacred Heart: Trade name for a rock comprised of a combination of Rhodonite and Clinozoisite, from Namibia, also called Nzuri Moyo

  • Sacred Seven: A trademarked name for an Amethyst variety with potential Cacoxenite, Goethite, Lepidocrocite and Rutile inclusions. It is thought to also have clear and smoky quartz present as well (despite these all being varieties of the same mineral). (Also sold under the trademark 'Super Seven').

  • Saffordite: One of several trade names for a pseudo-tektite variety of Obsidian, also called Cintanami Stone and Arizonaite

  • Sakura Rhyolite Agate: Trade name for a flower like spherulitic Rhyolite material, also sold as Green Flower Jasper

  • Sand Quartz: Trade name for highly included Clear Quartz that gives the appearance of 'sand' particles within the crystal

  • Sand Rose: Trade name given to a variety of evaporate minerals that are formed in the desert and have a flower like structure. Most commonly Gypsum varieties, Barite and Celestite.

  • Sanda Rosa Azeztulite: A trademarked name for Garnet Mica Schist from North Carolina

  • Sange Maryam: A trade name for a sedimentary stone (likely a Marl or Limestone) with fossiliferous remains (primarily bivalve or mollusc), often mistaken for a Jasper. Also called Calligraphy Stone, Script Stone, Miriam Stone, Mariam Stone.

  • Sanidine: A rarer variety of Feldspar, can also be a label for yellow glass.

  • Sapphire Quartz: A trade name used either for Dumortierite in Quartz, or for Blue Chalcedony

  • Sapphire Spinel: Trade name for any Blue Spinel

  • Sard: Historic name used for any red variety of Chalcedony, but primarily for Carnelian.

  • Satin Spar: Trade name for a specific fibrous growth habit of crystalline Gypsum, often referred to as Selenite

  • Satya Mani: Trade name for Clear Quartz from Southern India

  • Satyaloka Azeztulite: Trademarked name for Clear Quartz from Southern India

  • Satyaloka Quartz: Trade name for Clear Quartz from Southern India

  • Sauralite: Also called Sauralite Azeztulite, this is a trademarked name for low to medium grade New Zealand Quartz clusters

  • Scarlet Temple Lemurian: Clear Quartz with Iron Oxide or Lithium inclusions resulting in Red tinting

  • Scenic Quartz: A trade name for Quartz with a variety of inclusions also known as Lodolite, Shaman Dream Quartz, Shaman Quartz, Garden Quartz and Landscape Quartz

  • Scotch Pebble: Trade name for Quartzite pebbles from Scotland

  • Script Stone: A trade name for a sedimentary stone (likely a marl or limestone) with fossiliferous remains (primarily bivalve or mollusc), often mistaken for a Jasper. Also called Calligraphy Stone, Sange Maryam, Miriam Stone, Mariam Stone.

  • Sedona Azeztulite: Trademarked name for a a variety of Chert found near Sedona, Arizona, USA

  • Sedonalite: Trademarked name for Sandstone concretions found near Sedona, Arizona, USA

  • Seraphinite: Common trade name for Clinochlore, a Chlorite mineral found only in the Irkutsk Oblast, Russia

  • Setonite: Trade name for African Bloodstone, a Chalcedony variety often with Red/Green Jasper and occasionally Pyrite

  • Shadow Lemurian Jade: Quartz, Jade and Pyrite found in Peru as an aggregate. See also Midnight Lemurian Jade.

  • Shaman Quartz: Also called Shamanic Dream Quartz, it is a trade name for a heavily included quartz, also known as Lodolite, Garden Quartz and Scenic Quartz.

  • Shaman Stones: Trade name given to a Pyrite Marcasite concretion found in Kansas USA, also known as Kansas Pop Rocks and Boji Stones. Not to be confused with Shaman Quartz.

  • Shantilite: Trademarked name for Madagascan Grey Agate

  • Shell Jasper: Trade name given to a 'Marble' comprised of metamorphosed Limestone and allegedly fossilised oyster remains, also known as Thousand Eye Jasper

  • Shiva Lingam: Trade name for an elliptical shaped stone, usually carved from a specific Jasper known as Banalinga, found along the Naramada River in India

  • Siam Aquamarine: Misleading trade name for heat treated Blue Zircon

  • Siberian Blue Jade: Misleading trade name for blue Amphibole rich rock, also sold as Dianite Jade

  • Siberian Blue Quartz: Misleading trade name for an artificially grown, blue coloured Quartz

  • Siberian Ruby: Misleading trade name for Red Tourmaline

  • Siberite: Trade name used to describe Purple Tourmaline

  • Sieber Agate: Misleading trade name for Bodeachat, a synthetic deep blue glass formed through the smelting process in Germany in the 1800's.

  • Simetite: Amber found in Sicily

  • Sky Blue Quartz: Trade name for a quartz/chalcedony mix, often sold as Caribbean Calcite.

  • Slocum Stone: Antiquated trade name for a man made Silica Glass used as an Opal imitation, also known as Opal essence.

  • Smoky Topaz: Misleading trade name given to Smoky Quartz

  • Snowflake Selenite: Trade name for a variety of Gypsum growth

  • Sonora Sunrise: Trade name given to a composite stone comprised of Chrysocolla and Cuprite, primarily found in Mexico

  • Sorcerer's Stone: Another trade name given to Nuummite

  • South African Emerald: Misleading trade name for Green Fluorite

  • South African Jade: Misleading trade name for Grossular Garnet

  • Spanish Emerald: Misleading trade name for green Glass that is used as a simulation for Emerald

  • Spanish Topaz: Misleading trade name for Citrine

  • Spartalite: Trade name given to Zincite, also called Sterlingite

  • Spectrolite: Name given to Labradorite from Finland that displays exceptional colour flash

  • Spinel Ruby: Trade name for Red Spinel

  • Spinell: Another name for Spinel

  • Spiralite: Trademarked name for a variety of Agatized Spiral Seashell fossils that have been discovered in Central India

  • Spirit Quartz: Trade name given to a variety of quartz growth formation in which primary Quartz crystals develop a secondary layer of much smaller crystals, also sold as Fairy Quartz and Cactus Quartz

  • Star Seed Quartz: A type of growth formation more commonly known as a 'Lemurian' growth- often containing impurities of Hematite, Goethite or Limonite, giving a pale pink, orange or yellow appearance to the Quartz.

  • Starlite: Trademarked name for a gem quality almost always treated, blue Zircon crystal

  • Sterlingite: Trade name for Zincite, also known as Spartalite

  • Stone of Life: Trade name for Chrysotile Serpentine that has distinctive banding

  • Strass Diamond: Trade name for colourless glass used as a Diamond simulation

  • Strawberry Quartz: Trade name used for either Red Smelting Quartz or for Quartz containing small veins of Iron Oxides

  • Succinite: Trade name given to Amber, specifically Baltic Amber

  • Sunset Gold: Trademarked name for a variety of Gypsum

  • Sunset Sodalite: Trade name for lower grade Sodalite that contains more pink/red feldspar

  • Super Seven: Trademarked name for a highly included Amethyst, also known as Melody's Stone.

  • Suzhou Jade: Trade name for the mineral Bowenite, or Tangiwai Pounamu.

  • Swarovski Diamond: Trade name for a highly lustrous lead glass, sometimes just called 'crystal'.

  • Swiss Lapis: Trade name for artificially dyed Jasper that is used to simulate Lapis Lazuli

  • Synergite: Trademarked name for Amethyst with Cacoxenite


T


  • Tanganyika Artstone: Trade name given to an aggregate rock comprised of Ruby, Zoisite and Pargasite, also sold as Anyolite

  • Tangerine Quartz: Trade name given to Quartz with a bright orange coating of Iron Oxide

  • Tangiwai: A Maori name given to a variety of Pounamu, also known as the mineral Bowenite

  • Tanatarite: Another name given to the mineral Diaspore, also known as Kayserite

  • Tanzanite: Trade name for a rare blue variety of Zoisite, found only in Tanzania

  • Taralite: Trademarked name for Andesite found in New Zealand

  • Tempest Stone: Trade name given to Pietersite

  • Terraluminite: Trademarked name for common Granite rock

  • Thailandite: Tektite material found in Thailand

  • Thousand Eye Jasper: Trade name given to a 'Marble' comprised of metamorphosed Limestone and allegedly fossilised oyster remains, also known as Shell Jasper

  • Thousand Layer Quartz: Trade name for layered inclusions of Amphibole in Quartz

  • Thunder Egg: Trade name given to spherical rocks with internal fracturing and cavity space that have been infilled with usually Quartz, Opal or Chalcedony.

  • Tiffany Stone: Trade name given to Fluorite with Bertrandite, Opal, Chalcedony or Quartz, often mislabelled as Opalized Fluorite.

  • Tiger's Eye Matrix: Trade name for Tiger's Eye mixed with Hematite and/ or Limonite

  • Tiger Iron: A trade name given to Banded Hematite and Red Jasper Rock with Tiger's Eye, can also be called Mugglestone

  • Titania: A trade name for synthetic Rutile

  • Topaz Quartz: A misleading name given to Citrine

  • Topazolite: Misleading name for yellow Andradite Garnet

  • Transmutite: Trademarked name for Petrified Wood from Nevada

  • Transvaal Emerald: Misleading trade name for Green Fluorite

  • Transvaal Jade: Misleading trade name for green Grossular Garnet

  • Trystine: Trade name given to Ametrine, a combination of Amethyst and Citrine (usually semi heat treated Amethyst).

  • Trulite Silica: A trademarked name given to African Green Jasper

  • Turkey Fat: A misleading trade name for Smithsonite

  • Turquenite: A misleading trade name for dyed blue Howlite and more increasingly, dyed Magnesite- both dyed to be passed off as Turquoise

  • TV Stone: Trade name given to the mineral Ulexite


U


  • Ultralite: Trade name given to Blue Sapphire

  • Umbalite: Trade name given to Malaya Garnet found in the Umba river, in Tanzania

  • Unakite: Trade name for an altered Granite rock found in the Unaka ranges, USA.

  • Unicorn Stone: Trade name for a brightly coloured pegmatite rock from Madagascar consisting of Pink Tourmaline, Lepidolite Mica, Clevelandite and Smoky Quartz

  • Upala Stone: Another name given to Opal

  • Ural Emerald: Misleading trade name for Demantoid Garnet

  • Ural Sapphire: Misleading trade name for Blue Tourmaline

  • Utahlite: A misleading trade name for Variscite


V


  • Vallum Diamond: Misleading trade name for Clear Quartz

  • Venus Hair: Trade name for Rutilated Quartz

  • Verd Antique: Historic name for Serpentine

  • Verdelite: Trade name used occasionally for Green Tourmaline

  • Verdite: Trade name for a metamorphic rock that is very highly included with Fuchsite

  • Vermarine: Trade name given to Praisolite (also spelled Prasiolite), a green amethystine Quartz, also called Green Amethyst

  • Verneuil Ruby: Trade name for Synthetic Ruby

  • Verneuil Sapphire: Trade name for Synthetic Sapphire

  • Victorite: Trade name given to Enstatite, also trademarked as a rock bearing Spinel, Mica and Quartz.

  • Vienna Turquoise: Misleading trade name for artificial Turquoise

  • Viking Sunstone: A historic trade name for either Optical Calcite, Honey Calcite, or Iolite.

  • Violane: A relatively rare purple variety of Diopside

  • Viridine: A trade name given to olive green Andalusite

  • Vitalite: A trademarked name for Piemontite Schist found in New Zealand, also trademarked under the name Aroha Stone

  • Vltavin: Another name given to the green Tektite known as Moldavite

  • Vortexite: Trademarked name given to Spherulitic Rhyolite with Brecciated Red Jasper


W


  • Water Chrysolite: Trade name given to Moldavite

  • Water Opal: Trade name given to Hyalite Opal, also known as Mueller's Glass

  • Water Sapphire: Historic trade name given to Cordierite (Iolite).

  • White Garnet: Misleading trade name for Leucite

  • White Labradorite: Trade name given to pale Plagioclase that displays Labradorescence

  • White Moldavite: Misleading trade name for White Calcite

  • White Onyx: Misleading trade name for pale Banded Calcite

  • Wiluite: Another term used for Grossular Garnet

  • Witches Finger: Trade name given to long Quartz crystals with Hematite, Muscovite and Amphibole inclusions, that have a somewhat clawed like appearance

  • Wyoming Jade: Nephrite Jade from Wyoming, USA


X


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Y


  • Ye Ming Zhu: Trade name for a Chinese synthetic ceramic material with added rare earth elements so that it shows a phosphorescent effect.

  • Yellow Kunzite: Spodumene that is a pale translucent yellow

  • Yellow Tanzanite: A yellow variety of Zoisite, found only in Tanzania

  • Yenite: Another name given to the mineral Ilvaite

  • Yooperlite: Trade name given to a variety of Syenite rock found in Michigan, USA containing UV fluorescent Sodalite phenocrysts

  • Youngite: A trade name for a Brecciated Jasper with Chalcedony from Wyoming, USA

  • Yowah Nut: Trade/local name given to Opal nodules in Ironstone, similar in size to a nut, from Yowah, Queensland, Australia.


Z


  • Z Stones: Trademarked name for small pseudo-morph nodules of Limonite and Hematite after Marcasite

  • Zabeltitzen Diamond: Misleading trade name for Quartz

  • Zarinite: A trade name for assorted Copper minerals (Azurite, Chrysocolla etc.) in a Limonite matrix found in Russia

  • Zebra Calcite: Trade name for a banded black and white Calcite from Mexico

  • Zebra Jasper: A dark brown Jasper with pale banding, primarily found in Australia

  • Zebra Marble: Another trade name Thousand Eye Jasper, a metamorphosed Limestone rock

  • Zebra Stone: A dark brown Jasper with pale banding, primarily found in Australia

  • Zerfass Emerald: A trade name for synthetic Emerald

  • Zinc Spar: A historic name for Smithsonite

  • Zincblende: Another name for Sphalerite

  • Zultanite: Another name for gem quality Diaspore


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